From Latin Antiquity was called Pithecusa, a name tradition derived from the Greek "pithos" (pot), that is the Potters Island.
Epomeo is not, as many think, a volcano, but a horny volcanic volcano, or a block of earthly crust that has risen from the surrounding one due to the magmatic thrust (horst is a German term that means "rock" ).
From the approximate shape of a trapeze, the island is approximately 18 miles from Naples, has a 34 km coastline and an area of approximately 46.3 km².
The island has undergone many centuries of dominance (Greeks, Romans, Visigoths, Vandals, Saracens, Normans, Swabians, Anglicans, Aragones, French, Spaniards) for centuries, which marked the year deeply in the culture and life of its peoples.
Ischia is also called "Green Island" and also "Island of Eternal Youth". "Green Island", "Island of Eternal Youth", these definitions has always been associated with the largest of the islands of the Gulf of Naples. Famous throughout the world for its thermomineral springs, the Parthenopean island carries 103 well distributed throughout the territory. In addition to valuable resources fangotermali, Ischia offers an extraordinary wealth of natural beauty including the rich of impressive coastal headlands and picturesque coves, wide beaches and lush pine forests, real pristine oasis of green. The island of the soul and eternal youth is also renowned for its flourishing pinetea which have led to the successful "Green Island" moniker. Of the six municipalities on which the island is divided, Ischia is the most populated municipality and, by no means, the name of the whole island. The other municipalities are Casamicciola Terme, Lacco Ameno, Forio, Serrara-Fontana and Barano. Ischia is the eighth island of the Mediterranean and the largest of those of the Archipelago of Campania.